Peat moss is partially decayed Sphagnum Moss. It is the main soil component of bogs, fens and pocosins. It has amazing water holding capacity (10x), and can create very acidic conditions.
Because it creates such acid conditions, it inhibits bacterial growth. This makes it an ideal medium for preservation. Well preserved specimens of Mastadons and even humans have been found in some bogs.
Under proper management Peat Moss is a renewable resource. The Canadian Sphagnum Peat Moss Association (CSPMA) and associated organizations and institutions, are doing their best to ensure that peat moss is a renewable resource.
As a growing medium for carnivorous or one of the soil ingredients.
As a packing material for wrapping and shipping CPs.
As an antibacterial and antifungal dressing for wounds.
As a bio-friendly alternative to chlorine for clearing pools. It inhibits algae growth.
As an insulation for cabins and fill between the logs.
As an insecticide, it keeps flies and mosquitoes away.
As a diaper liner, but is said to be scratchy and uncomfortable.
Sphagnum moss can potentially harbor the fungi, Sporothrix schenckii, which can cause the chronic disease sporotrichosis, when spores enter the skin through abrasions, scratches, or small wounds. It is good practice to wear gloves when handling Sphagnum Moss.